Since the initial version of the Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists (APA, 2002) was released, there has been significant growth in research and theory regarding multicultural contexts. The guidelines were passed by the American Psychological Association (APA) Council of Representatives at the 2002 annual conference and were posted on the APA website. The attention given to these guidelines, including their publication in the American Psychologist (2003), speaks to the profession’s recognition of the important role that diversity and multiculturalism plays, both in terms of how individuals and groups define themselves, and how they approach others within the United States and globally (APA, 2002).
These current Multicultural Guidelines: An Ecological Approach to Context, Identity, and Intersectionality, 2017 (PDF, 1MB) (i.e., Multicultural Guidelines) are conceptualized from a need to reconsider diversity and multicultural practice within professional psychology at a different period in time, with intersectionality as its primary purview. The 2017 version of the Multicultural Guidelines encourages psychologists to consider how knowledge and understanding of identity develops from and is disseminated within professional psychological practice. Endemic to this understanding is an approach that incorporates developmental and contextual antecedents of identity and how they can be acknowledged, addressed and embraced to engender more effective models of professional engagement. The 2017Multicultural Guidelines incorporate broad reference group identities (e.g., Black/African American/Black American, White/White American, and Asian/Asian American/Pacific Islander) to acknowledge within-group differences and the role of self-definition in identity. With the 2017 Multicultural Guidelines, APA and its members are presented with an opportunity to participate directly, as professional psychologists, in engaging a fuller understanding of diversity and its considerations within practice, research, consultation and education (including supervision) to directly address how development unfolds across time and intersectional experiences and identities; and to recognize the highly diverse nature of individuals and communities in their defining characteristics, despite also sharing many similarities by virtue of being human. Our conscious awareness of what it means to think, feel, regulate, behave and create meaning has been enhanced by advances in research and clinical scholarship affording us a contemporary consideration of psychology that incorporates human differences across their varied elements.
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McNeilly, P., Macdonald, G., & Kelly, B. (2015). The participation of disabled children and young people: A social justice perspective. Child Care In Practice, 21(3), 266-286. doi:10.1080/13575279.2015.1014468
Mladenov, T., Owens, J., & Cribb, A. (2015). Personalisation in disability services and healthcare: A critical comparative analysis. Critical Social Policy, 35(3), 307-326. doi:10.1177/0261018315587071
Mor, S. (2017). Rights Enabled: The Disability Revolution from the US, to Germany and Japan, to the United Nations. Law & Society Review, 51(2), 454-457. doi:10.1111/lasr.12271
Allen, K. R., & Bradley, L. (2015). Career counseling with juvenile offenders: Effects on self-efficacy and career maturity. Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling, 36(1), 28-42.
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Graham, J. A., & Harris, Y. R. (2013). Children of color and parental incarceration: Implications for research, theory, and practice. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 41(2), 66-81.
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sOCIAL jUSTICE RESEARCH
sOCIAL jUSTICE IN sCHOOL cOUNSELING
Cook, A. L., Shah, A., Brodsky, L., & Morizio, L. J. (in press). Building effective school-family-community partnerships through community dialogues. Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology.
Cook, A. L., & Krueger-Henney, P. (2017). Group work that examines systems of power with young people: Youth participatory action research. Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 2, 1-18. doi:10.1080/01933922.2017.1282570?
THE PRACTICE OF SOCIAL JUSTICE
Gonzalez, L. M., Fickling, M. J., Gray, C. N., Ong, I., & Waalkes, P. (in press). Learning to advocate: Evaluating a new course. Journal of Counselor Leadership & Advocacy.
Fickling, M. J., Lancaster, C., & Neal, A. V. (in press). Social justice in career services: Perspectives from career center directors. The Career Development Quarterly.
Fickling, M. J. (2016). An exploration of career counselors’ perspectives on advocacy. The Professional Counselor, 6, 174-188. doi:10.15241/mf.6.2.174
Fickling, M. J., & Gonzalez, L. M. (2016). Linking multicultural counseling and social justice through advocacy. Journal of Counselor Leadership and Advocacy, 3, 85-94. doi:10.1080/2326716X.2015.1124814
TEACHING SOCIAL JUSTICE
Brown, K. D., Brown, A. L. (2011). Teaching K-8 Students about Race: African Americans, Racism, & the Struggle for Social Justice in the U.S..Multicultural Education
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Cook, A. L., Krell, M., Hayden, L. A., Gracia, R., & Denitzio, K. (2016). Fieldwork using professional development schools model: Developing social justice advocacy. Journal of Multicultural and Counseling Development, 44, 176-188. doi:10.1002/jmcd.12045
Cook, A. L., Hayden, L. A., Gracia, R., & Tyrrell, R. (2015). Exploring outcomes of a targeted supervisory training curriculum on developing multicultural competency and social justice advocacy. Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation, 6, 126-140. doi:10.1177/2150137815594201
DeMatthews, D. (2015). Making Sense of Social Justice Leadership: A Case Study of a Principal’s Experiences to Create a More Inclusive School. Leadership And Policy In Schools, 14(2), 139-166.
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SOCIAL JUSTICE IN COUNSELOR EDUCATION
Dollarhide, C. T., Mayes, R. M., Dogan, S., Aras, Y., Edwards, K. E., Oehrtman, J. P., & Clevenger, A. (in press). Social justice and resilience for African American male counselor educators: A phenomenological study. Counselor Education and Supervision.
SOCIAL JUSTICE IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT
Dollarhide, C. T., Clevenger, A., Dogan, S., & Edwards, K. (2016). Social justice identity: A phenomenological study. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 56(6) 624–645. doi: 10.1177/0022167816653639
Swartz, M., Limberg, D., Gold J. (in press). How exemplar counselor advocates develop social justice interest: A qualitative investigation. Journal of Counselor Education and Supervision, 57(1).
RACE AND ETHNICITY
Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity: Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity’s goal is to connect individuals and communities with opportunities needed for thriving by educating the public, building the capacity of allied social justice organizations, and investing in efforts that support equity and inclusion.
National Urban League: The National Urban League is a historic civil rights organization dedicated to economic empowerment in order to elevate the standard of living in historically underserved urban communities. Founded in 1910 and headquartered in New York City, the National Urban League spearheads the efforts of its local affiliates through the development of programs, public policy research and advocacy. Today, the National Urban League has 88 affiliates serving 300 communities, in 36 states and the District of Columbia, providing direct services that impact and improve the lives of more than 2 million people nationwide.
CRIS: Community Refugee & Immigration Services (CRIS) is an independent non-profit organization that serves the growing refugee and immigrant populations in Central Ohio. We have over 60 staff members that hail from more than 15 countries with many languages represented.
DreamActivist Ohio: We are a group of Undocumented Immigrant Youth fighting for our (yours and mine) collective dignity. We will no longer tolerate the oppression our communities are facing and ask you to join us in our struggle. We hope to build, a more faithful and loving environment in which all are welcomed & respected. We believe that art is an invaluable tool in this regard as it often illuminates the gaps superficial realities overlook.
US Together: US Together Inc., (UST) was founded in 2003 in response to the growing needs of refugees and immigrants in central Ohio. UST is a mutual assistance agency, which means it was started and is still run by former refugees. The agency’s founders have worked with immigrant and refugee populations since 1988.
ALGBITC Ohio: Branch Association for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, & Transgender Issues in Counseling of Ohio
Equality Ohio: Advocates and educates to achieve fair treatment and equal opportunity for all Ohioans regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity or expression
Kaleidoscope Youth Center: Creates safe and empowering environments for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning youth through advocacy, education and support.
PFLAG: Parents, Families Friends of Lesbians and Gays Promotes the health and well-being of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons, their families and friends through: support, to cope with an adverse society; education, to enlighten an ill-informed public; and advocacy, to end discrimination.
The Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN)
The National Black Justice Coalition (NBJC) civil rights organization dedicated to the empowerment of Black lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer people
The Education Trust: The Education Trust is a national non-profit advocacy organization that promotes high academic achievement for all students at all levels, particularly for students of color and low-income students.
Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies: The Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies is a nonprofit public policy organization that produces innovative, high-impact ideas, research, and policy solutions that have a positive impact on people and communities of color. The Joint Center does this by building and fueling a nonpartisan network of innovative elected and appointed officials of color and scholars for whom this goal is a priority. The Joint Center uses policy round tables, research reports, and targeted media to reach key audiences of innovative officials of color and other thought leaders